Linux Essentials

Linux Essentials is a professional development certificate program that covers basic knowledge for those working and studying Open Source and various distributions of Linux.

Exam Objectives Version: Version 1.5 (last updated: May 2015)

Exam Covered: Linux Essentials (LPI-010); Exam 1 of 1 to obtain Linux Essentials Professional Development Certificate

Objectives Reflected in Published Exam: May 2015

Required Prerequisite: None

About Objective Weights: Each objective is assigned a weighting value. The weights range roughly from 1 to 10 and indicate the relative importance of each objective. Objectives with higher weights will be covered in the exam with more questions.

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Special Note! To accommodate candidates that have studied from the previous version of the objectives (version 1.0), candidates may elect to take version 1.0 of the Linux Essentials exam through November 2015 just make sure to select 010-100 for the old version of the exam. More details…


 

Linux Essentials Exam Objectives Topics:

 

Topic 1:The Linux Community and a Career in Open Source (weight: 7)

1.1 Linux Evolution and Popular Operating Systems

Weight: 2

Description: Knowledge of Linux development and major distributions.

Key Knowledge Areas:

  • Open Source Philosophy
  • Distributions
  • Embedded Systems
The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
  • Android
  • Debian, Ubuntu (LTS)
  • CentOS, openSUSE, Red Hat
  • Linux Mint, Scientific Linux
 

1.2 Major Open Source Applications

Weight: 2

Description: Awareness of major applications as well as their uses and development.

Key Knowledge Areas:

  • Desktop Applications
  • Server Applications
  • Development Languages
  • Package Management Tools and repositories
Terms and Utilities:
  • OpenOffice.org, LibreOffice, Thunderbird, Firefox, GIMP
  • Apache HTTPD, NGINX, MySQL, NFS, Samba
  • C, Java, Perl, shell, Python, Samba
  • dpkg, apt-get, rpm, yum
 

1.3 Understanding Open Source Software and Licensing

Weight: 1

Description: Open communities and licensing Open Source Software for business.

Key Knowledge Areas:

  • Licensing
  • Free Software Foundation (FSF), Open Source Initiative (OSI)
Terms and Utilities:
  • GPL, BSD, Creative Commons
  • Free Software, Open Source Software, FOSS, FLOSS
  • Open Source business models
 

1.4 ICT Skills and Working in Linux

Weight: 2

Description: Basic Information and Communication Technology (ICT) skills and working in Linux.

Key Knowledge Areas:

  • Desktop Skills
  • Getting to the Command Line
  • Industry uses of Linux, Cloud Computing and Virtualization
Terms and Utilities:
  • Using a browser, privacy concerns, configuration options, searching the web and saving content
  • Terminal and Console
  • Password issues
  • Privacy issues and tools
  • Use of common open source applications in presentations and projects

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Topic 2: Finding Your Way on a Linux System (weight: 9)

2.1 Command Line Basics

Weight: 3

Description: Basics of using the Linux command line.

Key Knowledge Areas:

  • Basic shell
  • Command line syntax
  • Variables
  • Globbing
  • Quoting
Terms and Utilities:
  • Bash
  • echo
  • history
  • PATH env variable
  • export
  • type
 

2.2 Using the Command Line to Get Help

Weight: 2

Description: Running help commands and navigation of the various help systems.

Key Knowledge Areas:

  • Man
  • Info
Terms and Utilities:
  • man
  • info
  • Man pages
  • /usr/share/doc/
  • locate
 

2.3 Using Directories and Listing Files

Weight: 2

Description: Navigation of home and system directories and listing files in various locations.

Key Knowledge Areas:

  • Files, directories
  • Hidden files and directories
  • Home
  • Absolute and relative paths
Terms and Utilities:
  • Common options for ls
  • Recursive listings
  • cd
  • . and ..
  • home and ~
 

2.4 Creating, Moving and Deleting Files

Weight: 2

Description: Create, move and delete files and directories under the home directory.

Key Knowledge Areas:

  • Files and directories
  • Case sensitivity
  • Simple globbing and quoting
Terms and Utilities:
  • mv, cp, rm, touch
  • mkdir, rmdir

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Topic 3: The Power of the Command Line (weight: 9)

3.1 Archiving Files on the Command Line

Weight:  2

Description: Archiving files in the user home directory.

Key Knowledge Areas:

  • Files, directories
  • Archives, compression
Terms and Utilities:
  • tar
  • Common tar options
  • gzip, bzip2
  • zip, unzip
 

3.2 Searching and Extracting Data from Files

Weight: 3

Description: Search and extract data from files in the home directory.

Key Knowledge Areas:

  • Command line pipes
  • I/O re-direction
  • Basic Regular Expressions ., [  ], *, ?
Terms and Utilities:
  • grep
  • less
  • cat, head, tail
  • sort
  • cut
  • wc
 

3.3 Turning Commands into a Script

Weight: 4

Description: Turning repetitive commands into simple scripts.

Key Knowledge Areas:

  • Basic shell scripting
  • Awareness of common text editors

Terms and Utilities:

  • #! (shebang)
  • /bin/bash
  • Variables
  • Arguments
  • for loops
  • echo
  • Exit status

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Topic 4: The Linux Operating System (weight: 8)

4.1 Choosing an Operating System

Weight: 1

Description: Knowledge of major operating systems and Linux distributions.

Key Knowledge Areas:

  • Windows, Mac, Linux differences
  • Distribution life cycle management
Terms and Utilities:
  • GUI versus command line, desktop configuration
  • Maintenance cycles, Beta and Stable
 

4.2 Understanding Computer Hardware

Weight: 2

Description: Familiarity with the components that go into building desktop and server computers.

Key Knowledge Areas:

  • Hardware
Terms and Utilities:
  • Motherboards, processors, power supplies, optical drives, peripherals
  • Hard drives and partitions, /dev/sd*
  • Drivers
 

4.3 Where Data is Stored

Weight: 3

Description: Where various types of information are stored on a Linux system.

Key Knowledge Areas:

  • Programs and configuration, packages and package databases
  • Processes, memory addresses, system messaging and logging
Terms and Utilities:
  • ps, top, free
  • syslog, dmesg
  • /etc/, /var/log/
  • /boot/, /proc/, /dev/, /sys/
 

4.4 Your Computer on the Network

Weight: 2

Description: Querying vital networking configuration and determining the basic requirements for a computer on a Local Area Network (LAN).

Key Knowledge Areas:

  • Internet, network, routers
  • Querying DNS client configuration
  • Querying Network configuration
Terms and Utilities:
  • route, ip route show
  • ifconfig, ip addr show
  • netstat, ip route show
  • /etc/resolv.conf, /etc/hosts
  • IPv4, IPv6
  • ping
  • host
 

Topic 5: Security and File Permissions (weight: 7)

5.1 Basic Security and Identifying User Types

Weight: 2

Description: Various types of users on a Linux system.

Key Knowledge Areas:

  • Root and Standard Users
  • System users
Terms and Utilities:
  • /etc/passwd, /etc/group
  • id, who, w
  • sudo, su
 

5.2 Creating Users and Groups

Weight: 2

Description: Creating users and groups on a Linux system.

Key Knowledge Areas:

  • User and group commands
  • User IDs
Terms and Utilities:
  • /etc/passwd, /etc/shadow, /etc/group, /etc/skel/
  • id, last
  • useradd, groupadd
  • passwd
 

5.3 Managing File Permissions and Ownership

Weight: 2

Description: Understanding and manipulating file permissions and ownership settings.

Key Knowledge Areas:

  • File/directory permissions and owners
Terms and Utilities:
  • ls -l, ls -a
  • chmod, chown
 

5.4 Special Directories and Files

Weight: 1

Description: Special directories and files on a Linux system including special permissions.

Key Knowledge Areas:

  • Using temporary files and directories
  • Symbolic links
Terms and Utilities:
  • /tmp/, /var/tmp/ and Sticky Bit
  • ls -d
  • ln -s

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